1st edition July 16, 2012
Last updated August 5, 2014
a. General contest rules
5. The International Powerlifting Organization (IPO) recognizes the
following lifts, which must be performed in the designated sequence in all
applications conducted under IPO rules:
- Bench Press
- Dead Lift
6. The highest total of the best successes of each lift will result in a
Total. Winner of the competition will be determined by highest Total, (no
fourth attempts may be included in the total).
7. The IPO additionally recognizes and registers World / American records (in
kilograms) for the same lifts within the age and body weight categories as
b. Age categories
From 24 years to and including 39 years of age
A teenager, Junior, sub-master, and Master can also compete in the
From 40 years to 80 and upward
From 40 years to and including 44 years of age
From 45 years to and including 49 years of age
From 50 years to and including 54 years of age
From 55 years to and including 59 years of age
From 60 years to and including 64 years of age
From 65 years to and including 69 years of age
From 70 years to and including 74 years of age
From 75 years to and including 79 years of age
From 80 years upward
Sub Master: from 35 years to and including 39 years of age.
Junior: From 20 years to and including 23 years of age.
Teenage: From 13 years to and including 15 years of age
From 16 years to and including 17 years of age
From 18 years to and including 19 years of age
- Competitive lifting shall be restricted to competitors aged 13 years and
over. The lifter must have attained minimum age on day of the competition where
age limits are imposed.
- The day a teenager turns 20 years he or she is no longer a teenager.
- The day a junior turns 24 years he or she is no longer a junior.
Rule Clarification: A lifter must compete in
any particular competition at his attained age on the day of the competition.c. Body weight
52.0 kg Class up to 52.0kg
56.0 kg Class from 52.01 to 56kg
60.0 kg Class from 56.01 to 60.0kg
67.5 kg Class from 60.01 to 67.5kg
75.0 kg Class from 67.51 to 75.0kg
82.5 kg Class from 75.01 to 82.5kg
90.0 kg Class from 82.51 to 90.0kg
100.0 kg Class from 90.01 to 100.0kg
110.0 kg Class from 100.01 to 110.0kg
125.0 kg Class from 110.01 to 125.0kg
140.0 kg Class from 125.01 to 140.0kg
140.0 kg + Class from 140.01 to Unlimited
44.0kg Class up to 44.0kg
48.0kg Class from 44.01 to 48.0kg
52.0kg Class from 48.01 to 52.0kg
56.0kg Class from 52.01 to 56.0kg
60.0kg Class from 56.01 to 60.0kg
67.5kg Class from 60.01 to 67.5kg
75.0kg Class from 67.51 to 75.0kg
82.5kg Class from 75.01 to 82.5kg
90.0kg Class from 82.51 to 90.0kg
100kg Class from 90.01 to 100kg
100+kg Class from 100.01 to unlimited
Point scoring for all Team Championships shall be 12, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, for the
first 6 places in any body weight category.
second places will be ranked first, and so
on through the 6 places. If two or more teams all have first places the
Reshel Formula will be used to determine the winner. The Reshel points of
all 6 team members will be totaled. the higest Reshel total is the winner.
In World, International, and National Championships only six competitors from
each team shall score points towards the team total. These six competitors will
be selected before the competition begins and shall be the six highest placers
of the competitors from a particular team.
In the case of a tie in the points of national teams, the team having the
largest number of first places within the six point scoring competitors will be
ranked first. In the case of a tie between two teams having the same number of
first places, the one having the most
For all IPO sanctioned contests lifters entered in the event must be members of
a National Organization. Each country may decide the method of team
selection for the particular country.
2. The competition
will appoint the following officials:
- Time Keeper
- Record keeper
will be appointed as required, e.g. doctors, paramedics, etc.
Responsibilities of these officials are:
is responsible for the efficient running of the competition, and acts
as Master of Ceremonies. The speaker arranges the attempts chosen by the
lifters in an orderly fashion, dictated by weight, and if necessary, lot
number, and announces the weight required for the next attempt along with
the name of the lifter. Additionally the speaker announces, in order, the
three lifters succeeding the lifter on deck. When the bar is loaded and
the platform cleared for lifting, the head referee will indicate the fact
to the speaker, who will in turn announce that the bar is ready and call
the lifter to the platform. Attempts announced by the speaker should
ideally be displayed upon some type of scoreboard erected in a prominent
position. The speaker is also responsible for announcing the deadlines
that pertain to the Round System, the approach of the time limit for
changing first attempts, 5 minutes before the commencement of a first
Flight, 5 attempts before the commencement of a following Flight.
b. The timekeeper
is responsible for accurately recording the time lapse between the
announcement that the bar is ready and the referee’s signal for the
commencement of the attempt by the lifter. The timekeeper is also
responsible for recording other time allowances whenever required, e.g.
after an attempt the lifter shall leave the platform within 30 seconds.
Once the clock is running for an attempt, it can only be stopped by the
completion of the time allowance, the start of the lift, or at the
discretion of the head referee who shall inform the timekeeper
immediately. Consequently, it is of great importance that the lifter or
lifter’s coach check the height of the squat racks and any bench
pressing requirements, if details have not previously been collected,
prior to being called, as once the bar is announced as being ready, the
clock will be started. Any further adjustments to the equipment must be
made within the lifter’s one-minute allowance. The definition of the
start of an attempt depends upon particular lift being performed. In the
Squat and Bench Press, the start coincides with the referee’s
commencement signal. In the Dead lift, the start is when the lifter makes
a determined attempt to raise the bar. It is the timekeeper’s duty to
stop the clock at these defined starts so that any buzzer that may be
connected to the timing device will not distract the lifter.
are responsible for collecting the weight required for next attempts
from the lifters or their coaches and passing the information without
delay to scorer’s table and speaker preferably in the form of the
suggested colored attempt cards. The lifter is allowed one minute between
completion of one attempt and submitting to the marshal/expeditor the
weight required for the next attempt. The timing of this operation is the
responsibility of the marshal/expeditor, under the auspices of the head
d. The record
is specifically accountable for all world records broken, for
collecting the details and initiating the paperwork information,
responsible for accurately recording
the progress of the competition, and on completion, ensuring that the
three referees sign the official score sheets.
are responsible for loading and unloading the bar, adjusting squat or
bench rack requirements as necessary, cleaning the bar or platform upon
request and agreement of the head referee, and generally ensuring that the
platform is well maintained and of a neat and tidy appearance at all
times. At no time shall there be less than two or more than five
loaders/spotters attending to the platform.
There will be three referees, the head referee and two side referees.
At National Championships only IPO and or other International Referees
associated with the IPO will adjudicate the lifting. No two referees who
are related by blood or marriage will sit in the chairs at the same time or
judge a relative who is competing.
The head referee is responsible for giving the necessary signals for all
three lifts for indicating to the speaker and timekeeper when the bar is
ready, for communicating to the speaker the verification of national or world
records, and any special decisions upon performance decided by the referee.
required for the three lifts are as follows:
- A visual signal consisting of a downward movement of the arm, together
with the audible command "Squat".
- Completion. A visual signal consisting of a backward movement of the arm,
together with the audible command "Rack".
An audible comand of "start" to lower the bar to the chest.
An audible command of "Press" when the bar is motionless on
the lifters chest.
Completion. An audible command of "Rack", when the bar has
been pressed to straight-arm’s length.
- No signal required.
- Completion. A visual signal consisting of a downward movement of the
arm, together with the audible command "Down".
Once the bar has been replaced in the racks or on the platform at the
completion of the lift and the referees will announce their decisions by means
of the lights. White for "good lift" and red for "no
The three referees may seat themselves in what they consider to be the best
viewing positions around the platform and should remain seated during the
execution of the lift, (don't ask the spotter to move. to get a better view.
lifters safety shall take priority over any thing else).
The head referee must bear in mind the need to be easily visible to the
lifter performing the Squat and Dead Lift and be positioned accordingly. To
avoid any distractions to the lifter the head referee should remain motionless
The side referee should not impose upon the spotter’s duties but should
make adjustments to their own seating position and may lean sideways or
forward during a lift to obtain the best viewing vantage.
Side referees during the squat must be positioned exactly to the side or
front of the squatter and not to the rear. Spotters for the squat must provide
a window for the side referee to view the Squat. Obstructions to viewing must
be corrected before the lift begins.
Procedure when a referee is blocked out of viewing a lift in progress. If
during the lift a spotter unintentionally gets in the way of a referee’s
view, so that he does not actually see the lift, the referee should give the
lifter a white light, and the spotter is warned.
b. During the
the three referees on duty must jointly ascertain that:
c. During the
execution of a lift
- The weight of the loaded bar agrees with the weight announced by the
Speaker. Referees may be issued loading charts for this purpose.
- Lifts are credited as "good lift" or "no lift" and all
other aspects of the competition run in accordance with the rules of
- On the platform, the lifter’s costume and personal equipment visually meet
acceptable standards and are within the rules.
a referee observes a fault sufficient to give cause for disqualification of
the lift, the procedure is as follows:
Prior to the commencement of the Squat or Bench Press, if any of the
referees do not accept any aspect of the set up of the lifter, they will call
attention to the fault as previously described. If there is a majority opinion
among the referees that a fault exists, the head referee will not give the
signal to commence the lift and will inform the lifter to "Rack" the
bar. A head referee sees a fault that may not be visible to the side referees,
e.g. hands holding the collars or discs on the Squat or a grip in excess of
81cm on the Bench Press, may act alone in informing the lifter to
"Rack" the bar. If requested, it is required of the head referee to
quickly confirm the nature of the fault and to explain this to the lifter or
coach. The lifter will be reminded within his remaining time that he can
repeat his attempt with the fault corrected. Note: for the above reasons it is
important that the timekeeper stops timing the attempts on the Squat and Bench
Press only when the lifter has received the commencement signal.
Prior to the commencement of a lift, if either of the side referees observe
an obvious infraction of the rules regarding costume or personal equipment
they will call attention to the fault to the head referee. The head referee
observing an infraction may act alone. In either case the referees will be
called together to inspect the lifter. If the fault is considered a purposeful
intention to cheat, the lifter will be disqualified from the competition. If
the fault is considered an oversight or genuine mistake, the lifter shall
correct the fault before being permitted to proceed with the attempt. The
lifter’s time allowance will not be stopped to effectuate the correction.
The way the fault is considered and the action taken will be at the discretion
of the referees on duty.
- The referees may stop the lift for discretionary safety. The head referee
shall signal the lifter with a downward motion of the arm and the audible
command of "Down" for the Dead Lift and shall instruct the
spotters to take the bar on the Squat and Bench Press, only if safe and
appropriate to do so.
d. Intentional faults
Faults that should be considered as a purposeful intention to cheat are:
The use of more than one supportive undershirt or illegal undershirt.
The use of more than one pair of briefs.
The use of more than one pair of wraps, or wraps substantially over
Any additions in excess of the prescribed costume and personal equipment
rules, e.g. body wraps, towel inserts, bracing’s etc.
Presence of oil, grease, liquids or lubricants other than powder on the
thighs for the Dead Lift.
Other infractions of similar gravity.
- The use of more than one lifting suit or illegal lifting suits.
e. Faults as
oversight or genuine mistakes:
Socks overlaid by, or touching, knee wraps.
Wraps applied as to obviously exceed the width dimensions allowed for the
wrist (12cm) or knee (30cm).
Wraps slightly in excess of the prescribed regulation.
Items forgotten to be removed that may have been worn for warm-ups or to
maintain warmth, e.g. hats, rubber elbow bands, etc..,
Other infractions of similar consequence.
If any of the referees suspect without certainty any infraction of the
rules regarding costume and personal equipment they will not act until after
the lift has been performed. The lifter should then be inspected. For a
fault deemed an oversight or genuine mistake the lifter’s attention should
be drawn to the fact and warned about repeating the infraction in any
subsequent attempts. The attempt may be disqualified at the referee’s
discretion. Should the same infraction be repeated after a warning, the
attempt shall be disqualified or infractions deemed as a purposeful
intention to cheat, the lifter shall be disqualified from the competition.
Referees shall, if requested, explain to a lifter or coach the reason or
reasons why a lift was judged "no lift". All that is required of
such an explanation is an accurate statement, debates will not be entered
into, and an explanation will not cause distraction of the referee from the
attempt of the next lifter. Referees shall abstain from any other commentary
and not receive any document or verbal account concerning the progress of
A referee shall not attempt to influence the decision of other referees.
Once any lift has begun, each referee will withhold his individual judgment
until the completion of the lift, indicating such with a red or white light.
Under no condition should a referee raise his hand after the lift has
commenced unless to insure the safety of the lifter.
The head referee may consult with the side referees, the appointed IPO
Contest Officials or other official as necessary in order to expedite or
facilitate the running of the competition.
The head referee shall communicate all decisions taken in cases of loading
errors, incorrect announcements, spotter errors, or other platform
altercations of the speaker to make the appropriate announcement. Such
decisions shall be first discussed with the other platform referees.
After the competition, the three referees shall sign the official score
sheets, record applications, and any other documents requiring their
The selection of a referee to act as head or side referee in one session
does not preclude the selection of the same referee from being head or side
referee in another session.
All referees will be uniformly dressed to include the following:
Men winter: Dark
Blue Blazer or cardigan with Referee badge on
the left breast (pocket) and trousers with a white shirt and tie.
Men summer: White shirt and
trousers, ties optional.
Women winter: Dark Blue blazer or
cardigan with Referee badge on the left breast (pocket) and skirt or
trousers with a white blouse or top.
Women summer: Dress,
skirt or trousers and a white blouse or top.
The appointed Contest Officials shall determine whether winter or
summer dress will be worn.
The IPO and AFFILIATE FEDERATIONS do not provide accident, medical, or
liability insurance for lifters or spectators at meets and organized training
sessions. It is the responsibility of the Meet Director to Secure Insurance if
he wishes to do so.
The IPO, AFFILIATE ORGANIZATIONS, SANCTIONING OFFICIALS and CO-OPERATORS
assume no liability for injury, damages, personal losses or death resulting at
It is advisable that all Meet Directors have the lifter sign a waiver of
liability form which clearly states that the Meet Director, Sanctioning
Officials and co-operators will not be held liable for any injury etc.., that
occurs at an event, the release form should also state that the competitor
acknowledges he/she is competing at his/her own risk.
Checklist for organizers
- Bar, collars.
- Discs, 4 / 6 x 50kg, 8 /12 x 25, 2 x 20, 2x 15, 2 x 10, 2 x 5, 2 x 2,5,
2 x 1,25
- Reckon with the possibility, that in today’s competition, that the bar
can be loaded in the excess of 500kg.
- Record discs, 2 x 1 kg, 2 x 0,5, 2 x 0,25.
- Squat stands, bench and disc racks.
- Foot blocks for benching.
- Winners podium, 1, 2 & 3rd place.
- Box with adequate supply of chalk
- Cleaning materials, (broom, mop, vacuum cleaner, and towel).
- Scrubbing brush for cleaning the barbell.
- A disinfecting solution or similar for disinfecting the barbell.
- 3 seats for the referees.
- Seats at the rear of platform for loaders.
- Table and seats near the platform for, announcer, record and timekeeper,
computer operator, etc…
- A table and chairs for the Technical Officers.
- A scoreboard.
- Preferably an overhead projector to replace the scoreboard.
- A lighting system for scoring (white, red light).
- A lifting attempt board, showing the actual weight on the bar.
- A clock, visible for lifters, showing the remainder time.
- A table for display of trophies, (near the lifting area).
2. Warm up area
- The warm up area should be at least 100 m2.
- A minimum of four platforms.
- A minimum of two squat racks and two benches.
- Each platform equipped with a bar, collars and the necessary discs.
3. Weight in room
- A lockable and clean room.
- A certified weight scale, (preferably digital).
- Table and chairs for referees.
4. Dressing room
- Man and Women separately.
- All normal facilities.
A clean room (preferably locked).
Tables and chairs.
Facilities for change of clothes.
Connectors for charge batteries and laptops.
d. Equipment &
All lifts shall be carried out on a platform not less than 2.46m x 2.46m (8ft
x 8ft) and secure enough to insure the safety of the lifter, spotters and
The surface of the platform must be firm, non-slip and level with no
discernible seams in the vicinity of the general lifting area. Rubber mats or
similar sheeting materials are permitted.
Loose mats or similar sheeting materials are not permitted.
No one is allowed on the platform during lifting sessions except the lifter,
the designated spotters for the Squat and Bench Press, the three referees on
duty and any other meet officials as designated if the need arises.
Solely these personnel will handle any cleaning, mopping, brushing or
adjusting of the platform or equipment.
2. Lifting area
Boundaries of the lifting area must be marked clearly for the knowledge of
the officials, lifters and spotters. It is recommended that this area will be at
last 7m long x 5m broad (22ft x 16ft). Coaches shall not be allowed at the back
or sides of this area.
3. Bars & discs
For all power lifting competitions under the rules of the IPO, only disc
barbells are permitted. Only bars and discs that meet all specifications can be
used throughout the entire competition and for all lifts. The use of bars or
discs that do not conform to specifications will invalidate any records that may
have been accomplished. Different bars suited to particular lifts may be
utilized providing that they conform to the specifications.
These bars are to the standard of the Texas Power Bars or other
manufacturers meeting these standards.
- 28.5mm Diameter
- 214 cm long
- 20kg Bar Weight
- Center Knurling 10 cm
- Black Oxide Finish
- 186,000 PSI Rating
- 27mm Diameter
- 230 cm long
- 20kg Bar Weight
- No Centre Knurling
- Black Zinc Oxide Coating
- 186,000 PSI Rating
- 30mm Diameter
- 244 cm Long
- 25kg Bar Weight
- Center Knurling 30 cm
- 143 cm Between Collars
- 186,000 PSI Rating
The diameter size in the middle of the disc shall be such that the
disc fits on the bar without excessive play.
Discs must be of the following range 1.25kg, 2.5kg, 5kg, 10kg, 15kg,
20kg, 25kg, 45kg, and 50kg. For record setting purposes discs of 0.5kg
and 0.25kg should also be available.
For records, even lighter discs may be used to achieve a weight of at
least 500 grams more than the existing record.
Discs must be clearly marked with their weight and loaded in the
sequence of heavier disc innermost with the small discs in descending
The first and heaviest discs loaded on the bar must be loaded faces
in; with the rest of the discs loaded face out as weight is loaded.
The diameter of the largest disc shall be no more 45cm.
Discs conform to the following color-coding 10kg and below any color;
15kg yellow; 20kg blue; 25kg red; 45kg gold; 50kg green.
- All discs used in competition must weigh within 0.25% of their
correct face value.
Must weigh 2.5kg each unless specialized squat bar is used. Collars
made specifically for specialized squat bar are to be used with that
- Must be used at every competition.
4. Squat racks
The design of the squat racks shall allow adjustments that accommodate all
Height adjustments should be at incremental stages not exceeding 5cm.
For extra safety all hydraulic racks should be capable of being secured at
the required height by means of pins.
- Squat racks shall be of a sturdy construction and provide maximum
stability. The base shall be of such design that it does not impede the
lifter or the loaders / spotters. It may consist of a one-piece unit or
two separate stands designed to hold the bar in a horizontal position.
Whenever possible a monolift should be used on the contest platform and in
the warm up room.
The bench shall be of sturdy construction for maximum stability and
conform to the following dimensions:
Height: 42-45cm measured from the floor to the top of the padded surface
of the bench without being depressed or compacted.
The height of the uprights on adjustable benches should be from a minimum
of 82cm to a maximum of 100cm measured from the floor to the bar rest
position. On non-adjustable benches the height of the uprights must be
between 87cm and 100cm from the floor to the bar rest position.
The minimum width between the insides of the bar rests shall be 1.10m.
- Length: not less than 1.22m and shall be flat and level.
A system of lights shall be provided whereby the referees make known
their decisions. Each referee will control a white and red light,
representing a "good lift" or "no lift" respectively.
The lights must be wired in such a way that they light up together and not
separately when activated by the three referees. It is preferable that the
lights be arranged horizontally corresponding with the positions of the
For emergency purposes i.e. a breakdown in the electrical system, the
referees should also be provided with small white and red flags with which
to make known their decisions, or using thumbs up or down.
Weighing-in of the competitors shall be initiated 24 hours before the start
of the competition for a particular category. A competitor may be
permitted to weigh in any time during the 24 hour period before the contest
begins. The meet director may schedule regular weigh in times during the
24 hour period.
Referees on duty at the weigh in, fill in, both weigh in forms in full and
given them to the Technical Officer before the start of lifting on that day.
All lifters in the category must weigh-in during one of the mandatory or
(if provided) weigh-in sessions, which will be carried out in the presence or
authority of at least one IPO referee.
All non-open lifters must at the weigh in produce proof of birth ID,
passport, or driving license. Non-open lifters who do not produce proof of age
will not be allowed to weigh in. Non-open
lifters may enter the open and non-open categories. If a non-open lifter enters
the open category he must weigh-in at the same time with the open lifters and
the same time with the non-open lifters.
The weigh-ins must be in a private area, where only the competitor, the
competitor’s coach, coach appointee, or manager, and the referees or
appointed officials are present. The lifter’s recorded body weight must not
be made public until all lifters competing in that particular category have
Lifters may be weighed nude or in standard underwear (briefs for men, bra
and panties for women). The weigh-in procedure must ensure that lifters are
weighed only in the presence of their own sex. Additional officials may be
appointed for this purpose.
During the weigh-in session’s lifters uncertain about items of costume or
personal equipment that may be used should have items inspected and verified
by the IPO referees.
Lots will be drawn to establish the order of the initial weigh-in. The lots
drawn also establish the order of the lifting throughout the competition when
lifters require the same weights for their attempts.
At the weigh-in, the lifter must declare a first attempt for all three
Each lifter may only be weighed once. Only those whose body weight is
heavier or lighter than the category limits of the category entered are
allowed to return to the scale. They must return to the scales and make weight
during one of the official weigh-in sessions and before the end of the final
weigh-in sessions, otherwise they will be eliminated from the competition for
that body weight category. Lifters trying to make weight may be re-weighed as
often as they wish within the allowances of time and the posted weigh-in
schedule. If a lifter steps on the scale and officially enters a certain
weight class, he is not allowed to be re-weighted to make another weight
A lifter who is too heavy may move into the next higher category. The lifter
must again be weighed during the weigh-in sessions scheduled for the new
category. All qualifying standards must be met. Proof of qualifications
resides with the lifter.
A lifter who weighs lighter than the lower limit of the category, may drop
into the next lower category, provided it has not already taken place. All
qualifying standards must be met. Proof of qualification resides with the
Official body weights shall be recorded to the nearest tenth of a kilogram.
Any lifter that has not weighed in and had his or her opening attempts
recorded at the last weigh-in session that ends thirty minutes prior to the
start of his or her session, round or flight, may not compete in that session,
round or flight. In the case where there is one session in the competition,
that competitor shall not be allowed to participate in the competition. In
cases where inclement weather and/or hazardous conditions exist in the area of
the venue, extension of weigh-in time shall be determined upon the discretion
of the technical officer or appointed IPO contest official.
If two lifters register the same body weight at the weigh-in and eventually
achieve the same total at the end of the competition, they will be re-weighed
and the lighter person will take precedence over the heavier person. However,
if they still weigh the same after re-weighing, they will share the placing,
and each receives any award that is being presented. In such circumstances,
should two lifters be in first place, the next lifter shall be placed third
and so fourth.
COSTUME & PERSONAL EQUIPMENT
a. Lifting suit
A lifting suit shall be worn. It must be an individual full-length article
of cloth fabric. Its construction may consist of multiple plies to any
thickness but must, as a whole, be a singular component. The straps must be
worn over the shoulders at all times while lifting in competition. It may be
of any color or colors. The length of the leg, when worn must not exceed
beyond mid-thigh (medial point between crotch and top of kneecap). Women may
wear a one-piece suit of comparable design to the lifting suit. Leotards with
sleeves or high cut leg lines are not permitted.
Only one lifting suit may be worn.
bench shirt/ lifting suit
- One shirt (of a design consistent with what is commonly called a T-shirt
or bench shirt) with or without sleeves may be worn under the lifting suit.
It must be an individual article of fabric and consisting cloth, polyester
or denim material. Its construction may consist of multiple plies to a
thickness of one or two plies, but must, as a whole, be a singular
component. The back may be open. Reasonable patching to repair tears
is permitted, but the number and placement of the patching shall not be
designed to increase, enlarge or enhance the body's natural musculature, or
to alter the design of the shirt. Sleeves must be short and remain
above the elbow when worn. It may be of any color or colors, but shall not
portray indecency or be offensive to the spirit of the competition.
A pair of briefs of any design may be worn, provided that the length of the
legs are less than those of the lifting suit when worn, and that the waist does
not extend beyond approximately mid-torso.
Only one pair of briefs may be worn under the lifting suit.
- The briefs must be individual articles of a cloth fabric. The construction
may consist of multiple plies to any thickness but must, as a whole, be a
singular component. Athletic supporters are permitted under the briefs.
A competitor may wear a belt. If worn, it shall be on the outside of the
- Width of belt to be a maximum of 10cm.
- Thickness of belt to be a maximum of 13mm, along the main length.
Materials and construction:
It shall not have any additional padding, bracing, or supports of any
material either on the surface or concealed within the laminations of the
A metal buckle, studs and stitching are the only non-leather components
permitted. The buckle shall be attached at one end of the belt by means of
studs or stitching.
The belt shall not have any inflatable component on or within any of its
A leather, cloth, vinyl or nylon tongue hoop shall be attached close to
the buckle by means of studs and/or stitching.
The lifter’s name, the name of the lifters nation, state or club may
appear on the outside of the belt.
A one or two prong buckle as well as the lever action-fastening device may
- The main body shall be made of leather in one or more laminations that
which may be glued and/or stitched together, or of cloth, vinyl, or nylon
with no metal materials allowed in belt except as noted below.
Socks may be worn; when worn they may not extend over the knee or on the legs
so that they touch any knee wrapping or kneecap supporter. Full-length leg
stockings, tights, or hose are not permitted.
- Women may wear additional protective briefs or panties. Women may also
wear a bra provided it contains no special support. The use of tampons,
sanitary napkins or related articles used for feminine hygiene is
- In the deadlift a protective fabric or socks must be worn over the
shins.) Plastic or fabric shin guards may be worn but must not
extend to a point higher than the lower border of the patella and not
lower than the superior border of the ankle joint.
Footwear more substantial than basic socks must be worn. The only
restrictions to such footwear are that no metal cleats or spikes are permitted.
The fabric nature shall be elastic weave primarily of polyester, cotton or
medical crepe singly or in combination. Wraps of rubber or rubberized
substitutes are not permitted except as noted for the elbows.
Wraps not exceeding 1m in length and 8cm in width may be worn.
Alternatively elasticized wristbands not exceeding 10cm in width may be
worn. A combination of the two is not permitted. If wristbands are of the
wrap-around style, they may have a thumb loop and Velcro patch for
securing them. A wrist wrap shall not exceed beyond 10cm above and 2cm
below the center of the wrist joint, not exceeding a total of 12cm in both
Wraps not exceeding 2.5m in length and 8cm in width may be worn.
Alternatively, elasticized knee supports not exceeding 20cm in length may
be worn. A combination of the two is not permitted. A knee wrap shall not
extend beyond 15cm above and 15cm below the center of the knee joint, not
exceeding a total of 30cm in both directions. Knee wraps shall not touch
the socks or lifting suits.
Wraps may be worn only during the squat and Dead lift competition and not
during the bench press. They may cover the general elbow area and not
extend to the wrist or shoulder. They may be supportive sleeves of
rubberized material or elastic wrap, but must be of one single unit only,
and be one meter or less in total length.
Maybe joined together, but the fabric
may not overlap i.e. they must be joined end to end only.
Wraps may be used as follows:
Two layers of plasters, band-aids or tape may be worn on the thumbs, but
nowhere else without official permission of the referees or appointed IPO
Contest Officials. No plasters or tape may be utilized as a strap to help the
lifters hold the bar.
With the permission and supervision of the referees, the appointed IPO
Contest Officials, the official doctor, or assigned paramedic, the lifter may
apply spot plasters, bandages, tape or band aids to muscle injuries on the
body. Similarly strip plasters, tape or band-aids may be applied to injuries
on the inside of the hand, but in no circumstances must these applications
extend around the back of the hand.
i. Health issues
Should blood or other foreign substances appear on the bar or equipment, it
must be rectified immediately using a solution of 1 part bleach with 1 part
water. The bar or equipment must be dried and verified as clean.
Should blood or other foreign substances appear on the lifter, it must be
rectified immediately. The wound must be cleaned and a patch or bandage
applied so as to prevent further contamination of the bar or equipment.
The use of oil, grease or other lubricants and liquids on the body, costume
or personal equipment to aid in the execution of a lift is not permitted. This
does not preclude the advanced therapeutic use of liniments, or rubs. However,
such items must not be in evidence during platform attempts. Only powder may
be used. Powder includes chalk, talc, resin, and magnesium carbonate. Spray
may be used, but only on the lifter, not on the weight equipment.
Nothing may be purposely applied to the platform, bench or bars.
All articles of lifters costumes and personal equipment shall be clean and
generally neat and presentable. In the discretion of the referee, a lifter
will not continue in the competition if this provision is not met.
Emblems, logo's or inscriptions on the lifters suit, shirt or belt that
witch is offensive or liable to bring the sport in disrepute is not allowed.
Excessive psyching up techniques (i.e. swearing, hitting) shall be limited
at the referee’s discretion.
k. Inspection of
costume & personal equipment
It will be the lifter responsibility to be presents the costume/equipment in
accordance with the rules.
Any item mentioned previously under costume and personal equipment may be
inspected prior to the competition if the lifter has any doubt as to the
legality of that item. Such inspections should be requested during the
weigh-in sessions and directed to one of the IPO referees present, not an
appointed weigh-in official.
Inspections may also be made at any time prior to lifting by one of the
appointed IPO Contest Officials or IPO referee. Any conjecture or doubt about
the legality of any such items shall be referred to the appointed IPO Contest
Items of personal attire not covered in the rules governing costumes and
personal equipment such as: Headbands, mouthpieces, ribbons, watches, costume
jewelry, eyewear and feminine hygiene articles are permitted.
Any items worn on the platform considered objectionable by virtue of being
unclean, torn or tattered, indecent or offensive to the spirit of the
competition should be rejected before the lifter is permitted to proceed.
If a lifter performs on the platform wearing or using any item that is
illegal or not verifiably approved, the lifter shall lose credit for that
lift, and may be disqualified from the competition. Any minor oversights, or
items covered above, noticed before the lifter performs, should be indicated
to the lifter and rectified prior to continuing.
Any lifter performing on the platform may be inspected before or after a
lift if any of the referees doubt the legality of the costume or personal
equipment being used.
- At all competitions there will be no official inspection of costume and
ORDER OF COMPETITION
Lifters should, if required, check Squat and Bench Press rack heights and
foot block requirements during these periods prior to the start of the
10 or less lifters in a session must lift in one Flight. 10-15 lifters in a
session may be divided into two flights though again one Flight if preferable.
Non-open lifters may enter the open
category as well as the non-open category. If a lifter enters 2 or more
categories he/she must compete in all categories entered. The lifter will
be assigned a different flight for each category entered.
Over 15 lifters must be split into appropriate Flights. The appointed IPO
Contest Officials shall make decisions on such divisions, in conjunction with
the competition Organizing Committee. Wherever possible lifters in the same
body weight category should all compete in the same flight.
Flights should be classified "A", "B", "C",
etc. Flight "A" will normally consist of lifters in one body weight
category. Flight "B" the next higher body weight category, and so
on. Should the amount of lifters in any particular category necessitate that
category being split into more than one Flight, then the first Flight should
consist of lifters with lower totals than the second Flight and so on, based
on previous best total results. Competitions combining men and women lifters
may make different determinations.
Where there are multiple Flights, Flight "A" will complete all
three rounds of the Squat (all three attempts), then Flight "B" will
make all three rounds of the Squat, and so on, repeating the same process for
the Bench Press and Dead Lift.
Three unsuccessful attempts in any lift will automatically eliminate the
lifter from the competition. Lifters will not be permitted to re-enter the
meet as a guest lifter or to attempt a record lift. Only at local or regional
contests will this be left to the meet director’s judgment.
In the event that the number of lifters in a flight drops to ten or less,
there will be an automatic 5-minute rest following the completion of all first
attempts, then again after all record attempts.
All lifters will take their first attempt in the first round, their second
attempt in the second round and their third attempt in the third round.
The bar must be loaded progressively during a round on the principle of a
raising bar. At no time will the bar be reduced within a round except for
errors as described herein, and then only at the end of the round.
Lifting order in each round will be determined by the lifter’s choice of
weight per attempt. When two lifters choose the same weight, the lifter with
the lowest lot number drawn prior to weigh-in, will lift first.
A lifter will not be allowed to call for a weight lower than the attempted
in the previous round.
If unsuccessful with an attempt, the lifter will wait until the end of the
round before attempting that weight again.
All attempts taken over due to a scorekeeper’s error, loader’s or
spotter’s error, or for any other reason, except failure for the lifter to
be announced, will occur at the end of the round in which the error occurred,
regardless of the progressive advancement of the bar. If such an error occurs
to the last lifter in the round, the error will be corrected immediately and
the lifter will be given the opportunity to take the attempt over within four
minutes of the bar being loaded.
Also, if such an error occurs to the first lifter in a round, and the attempt
is repeated at the end of the round with the lifter again the first lifter in
the next round, then four minutes will be allowed between the repeated attempt
at the end of the round and the next attempt by the same lifter at the
beginning of the following round. These are two of the rare occasions when
lifters will follow themselves.
A lifter is permitted one change of weight on the first attempt of each
lift. This change may take place at any time, up to five minutes before the
start of the first round of that lift. Lifters in following Flights are
accorded the same privilege up to five attempts from the end of the previous
Flight’s final round.
The speaker will announce prior notice of these deadlines. Oversights in
making these announcements should not be at the jeopardy of the lifter. The
three platform referees or IPO Contest Officials shall rule on such
discrepancies that arise.
Lifters must submit their second or third attempts within one minute of
completing the preceding attempt. If no weight is submitted within the
one-minute time allowance, the lifter will forfeit the next round attempt.
Weights submitted for second and third attempts on the Squat and Bench Press
could not be changed.
In the Dead Lift, changes of weight are permitted. The lifter may not change
an attempt if he or she has been called to lift and the bar has been called as
"ready" or "loaded". On second attempts, the lifter shall
be allowed one change in weight, and on third attempts, the lifter shall be
allowed two changes in weight if he or she has been called to lift, but the
bar has not been called as "ready" or "loaded".
In single lift meets, an opening attempt may be changed up to five minutes
prior to the start of that lifter’s flight. Third attempts may be changed as
many times as the lifter desires as long as his or her name has not been
called to lift.
To avoid any doubt or confusion with regards to submitting attempts, the
following procedure is suggested for adoption:
The chosen weights for attempts are to be given in writing, in the form of
attempt cards, to the marshal/expeditor. Different colored cards will be used
for each lift, 3 of the same color for the Squat, 3 of another color for the
Bench Press, and 3 of a third color for the Dead Lift. The lifter of the coach
will complete the appropriate attempt cards with the weight requested and sign
the card. For first attempts the attempt cards will only be used when the
weight given at the weigh-in is changed.
If a lifting session consists of a single Flight, at least 20 a 30-minute
interval will be taken between lifts in order to ensure adequate warm-up time.
When there is more than one Flight in a session, the lifting will be
organized on an alternating flight base. Consequently, a time interval between
flights is not required other than the time necessary for arranging the
platform. Lifters not in the first Flight will be able to warm-up while the
first Flight is being conducted.
& RULES OF PERFORMANCE
- After removing the bar from the racks while facing the front of the
platform, the lifter may move forward or backward to establish the lifting
position. The top of the bar not more than 3cm below the top of the anterior
deltoids. The bar shall be held horizontally across the shoulders with the
hands and/or fingers gripping the bar, and the feet flat upon the platform
with the knees locked.
- The lifter shall wait in this position for the head referee’s signal.
The signal will be given as soon as the lifter is set and demonstrates
control with the bar properly positioned. The head referee’s signal shall
consist of a downward movement of the arm and audible command
- Upon receiving the head referee’s signal, the lifter must bend the knees
and lower the body until the top surface of the legs at the hip joint is
lower than the top of the knees.
- The lifter must recover without double bouncing, to an upright position
with the knees locked. The bar may stop, but there must be no downward
motion during recovery. As soon as the lifter demonstrated a controlled
final position, the head referee will give the signal indicating completion
of the lift and to replace the bar.
- The signal to replace the bar will consist of a backward motion of the arm
and the audible command "Rack". The lifter must then make a bona
fide attempt to return the bar to the racks.
- The lifter shall face the front of the platform, towards the head referee.
- The lifter shall not hold the collars or discs at any time during the
performance of the lift. However, the edge of the hands gripping the bar may
be in contact with the inner surface of the collar.
- Not more than five and not less than two loaders/spotters shall be on the
platform at any time.
- The lifter may enlist the help of spotters in removing the bar from the
racks; however, once the bar has cleared the racks, the spotters shall not
physically assist the lifter with regards to actually getting into the
proper set position. The spotters may assist the lifter to maintain control
should the lifter stumble or demonstrate any evident instability.
- The lifter will be allowed only one commencement signal per attempt.
- The lifter may be given an additional attempt at the same weight at the
head referee’s discretion if failure in an attempt was due to any error by
one or more of the spotters.
Disqualification of a Squat
- Failure to observe the head referee’s signals at the commencement or
completion of a lift.
- Double bouncing or more than one recovery attempt at the bottom of the
- Failure to assume an upright position with knees locked at the
commencement and completion of the lift.
- Movement of the feet laterally, backward or forward that would
constitute a step or stumble; "rocking the feet between the ball and
the heel is permitted".
- Failure to bend the knees and lower the body until the surface of the
legs at the hip joint is lower than the tops of the knees.
- Any resetting of the feet after the squat signal.
- Contact with the bar by the spotters between the referee’s signals.
- Contact of elbows or upper arms with the legs.
- Failure to make a bona fide attempt to return the bar to the racks.
- Any intentional dropping or dumping of the bar.
2. Bench press
The front of the bench must be placed on the platform facing the head
The lifter must lie backward with shoulders and buttocks in contact with the
flat bench surface. The elected position of the buttocks shall be maintained
throughout the attempt. The lifters shoes or toes must be in solid contact
with the platform or surface. The position of the head is optional.
To achieve firm footing, a lifter of any height may use discs or blocks to
build up the surface of the platform. Whichever method is chosen, the shoes
must be in a solid contact with the surface. If blocks are used, they shall
not exceed 45cm x 45cm.
Not more than four and not less than two loaders/spotters shall be in
attendance. The lifter may enlist the help of one or more of the designate
spotters or enlist personal spotters, in removing the bar from the racks. Only
designated spotters may remain on the platform during the lift. The lift off
must be to arm’s length and not down to the chest. A designated spotter,
having provided a center lift off, must immediately clear the area in front of
the head referee and move to either side of the bar. If the personal spotter
does not immediately leave the platform area and or in any way distracts or
impedes the head referees responsibilities, the referees may determine that
the lift is unacceptable, and be declared "no lift" by the referees
and given three red lights.
The spacing of the hands shall not exceed 81cm, measured between the
forefingers. The bar shall have circumferential machine markings or tape
indicating this maximum grip allowance. If the lifter should use an offset or
unequal grip on the bar, whereby one hand is placed outside the marking or
tape, it is the lifter’s responsibility to explain this to the head referee,
and allow inspection of the intended grip prior to making an attempt. If this
is not done until the lifter is on the platform for an official attempt, any
necessary explanation and/or measurements will be done on the lifter’s time
for that attempt. The reverse or underhand grip is permitted.
The bar must be at straight arms length and motionless before the lift is
After receiving the bar at arm’s length, the lifter shall lower the bar to
the chest (not below the sternum) and await the head referee’s signal.
The signal shall be an audible command "Press" and given as soon
as the bar is motionless on the chest.
The lifter will be allowed only one commencement signal per attempt.
After the auduble "start" signal the bar is lowered to the chest.
After the audible signal "press" has been given, the bar is pressed
upward. The bar shall not be allowed to sink into the chest or move downwards
prior to the lifter’s attempt to press upward. The lifter will press the bar
to straight arm’s length and hold motionless until the audible command
"Rack" is given. Bar may move horizontally and may stop during the
ascent, but may not move downward towards the chest.
Disqualification of a Bench Press
- Failure to observe the referee’s signals at the commencement or
completion of the lift.
- When arms are not straightened and motionless before the lift was
- Any change in the elected lifting position or the raising of the
buttocks, (as long as some portion of the buttocks remain on the bench and
a referee cannot see straight through. the lift is permissible).
- Lateral movement of the hands during the lift (between the referee’s
- Any excessive movement or change of the feet during the lift.
- Bouncing the bar off the chest or touching the stomach below the
- Allowing the bar to sink into the chest after receiving the referee’s
- Pronounced a major uneven extension of the bar during or at the
completion of the lift as judged by the referees.
- Any downward motion of the bar during the course of pressing out.
- Contact with the bar by the spotters between the referee’s signals.
- Any contact of the lifter’s shoes with the bench or its supports.
- Deliberate contact between the bar and the bar rest uprights during the
lift to assist the completion of the press, (contact in order to make the
It is the responsibility of the lifter to inform any personally enlisted
spotters to leave the platform as soon as the bar is secured at arm’s
length. Such spotters shall not return to the platform upon completion or
failure of the attempt. It is especially important for a spotter providing a
center lift off to leave the platform quickly so as not to impair the head
referee’s view. Failure of any personal spotters to leave the platform may
cause disqualification of the lift. One spotter or coach is
permitted to adjust the lifter on the bench before the hand off.
3. Dead lift
The bar must be laid horizontally in front of the lifter’s feet, gripped
with an optional grip in both hands, and lifted until the lifter is standing
erect. The bar may stop but there must be no downward motion of the bar.
The lifter shall face the front of the platform.
On completion of the lift, the knees shall be locked in a straight position
and the lifter shall be standing erect, (the shoulder will not be forward or
rounded. it is not necessary that they be back past the erect position. al be
it is permissible).
The head referee’s signal shall consist of a downward movement of the arm
and the audible command "Down". The signal will not be given until
the bar is held motionless and the lifter is an apparent finished position.
Any rising of the bar or any deliberate attempt to do so will count as an
Disqualification of a Dead Lift
- Any downward motion of the bar before it reaches the final position, (at
the completion of the lift, if the bar settles as the shoulders come back
this should not be reason to disqualify the lift).
- Failure to stand erect, (the shoulders will not be forward or rounded.
It is not necessary that they be back past the erect position. All be it
- Failure to lock the knees straight at the completion of the lift.
- Supporting the bar on the thighs in a manner that the lifter can obtain
leverage or hitching.
- Movement of the feet laterally, backward or forward that would
constitute a step or stumble.
- Lowering the bar before receiving the head referee’s signal.
- Allowing the bar to return to the platform without maintaining control
with both hands.
After the "Rack" command is given, the spotters may guide the bar
back into the rack, (once the "Rack" command has been given, the
lift is officially over).
During a competition taking place on a platform or lifting area, only the
lifter, the lifter’s coach, the three referees on duty, other meet officials
recognized by need, and the loaders/spotters will be allowed around the
platform and lifting area.
During the execution of a lift, only the lifter, designated loaders/spotters
and the three referees on duty are permitted to be present on the platform.
Coaches shall remain back from the platform. The appointed IPO Contest
Officials should define a coaching area.
Personal, non-designated spotters are not permitted on the platform for the
Squat or Dead Lift. Personal non-designated spotters are permitted to lift-off
on the Bench Press, however, once the bar has been correctly positioned at the
lifter’s arms length, any personal spotter must quickly leave the platform
area to a discreet position.
Lifters shall wrap and ready themselves for lifting off the platform. Only
minor adjustments requiring no assistance may be made on the platform.
Likewise, removing wraps, belts and costume shall be performed off the
platform. Items such as chalk, inhalants, talc, etc. should be utilized with
propriety on and around the platform area.
In competitions under IPO jurisdiction, including any competitions where
world records are set, the weights used must be in kilograms, and the barbell
must always be a multiple of 2.5kg. The weights shall be announced in
kilograms and may additionally be announced in pounds.
- When the lifter prepares for an attempt, the loaders/spotters may assist
in removing the bar from the racks. They may also assist in setting up for a
squat should the lifter stumble or lack good control, and in replacing the
bar after the attempt. However, they shall not touch the lifter or the bar
during the actual attempt, i.e. during the period of time between
commencement and completion signals from the head referee. The important
exception, for the spotters, to this rule is if the lifter has obviously
failed with the attempt, is in jeopardy of injury, or the head referee or
lifter has requested intervention, then the spotters should assume control
of the bar and weights and assist the lifter in replacing the bar back on
For a World / Continental record attempt made outside the completion (4th
attempt), the weight of the barbell must be at least 500 grams in excess of
the current record. Such record attempts will be made at the end of the
third round of the lifting flight
For a World / Continental record attempt made within the prescribed
attempts of the competition, a lifter may request on any attempt, a weight
that exceeds the current record by at least 500 grams. If the lift is
successful, only the lower closest multiple of 2.5kg will be recorded on the
score sheet and the exact weight will be recorded on the record application.
Pound weights may be used if they are weighed properly and converted to
In all competitions the weight of the barbell shall consist of the
heaviest discs available that make up a particular weight.
Three unsuccessful attempts in any lift will automatically eliminate the
lifter from the competition.
Other than initial removal of the bar from the racks, the lifter should
not receive any additional help from the spotters in establishing position
for an attempt. However, should a lifter stumble or become unstable in
setting up for the Squat, the spotters should assist in steadying the lifter
until control has been regained.
On the completion of an attempt, the lifter shall leave the platform
within thirty seconds. Failure to comply with this rule may result in
disqualification of the attempt at the discretion of the referees.
Any physical abnormality, handicap, or incapacity of a lifter that may
cause, or potentially cause, an inability to fully comply with the rules
should be brought to the attention of, and explained to, the appointed IPO
Contest Officials. This should be in advance of the start of the lifter’s
flight. The lifter, IPO Contest Officials and the platform referees for the
particular lifter will then confer on the matter to best accommodate any
special considerations for the lifter. Deafness, blindness, limb or joint
abnormalities that prevent proper straightening or extension are examples
for such special considerations.
If, by reason of misconduct upon or near the competition platform, any
lifter or coach is considered to have discredited the sport, such person or
persons shall officially be warned. If the misconduct continues the
appointed IPO Contest Officials together with the referees on duty, have the
authority to disqualify the lifter and order the coach and the lifter to
leave the venue. The team manager must be officially informed of both
warning and disqualification.
Any lifter or coach who strikes an official an Official or other
individual at a competition will be banned for all IPO competition
All appeals against referee’s decisions or conduct, complaints regarding
the progress of the competition or against the behavior of any person or
persons taking part in the competition will be made to the appointed IPO
Contest Officials. This must be done immediately following action of which
there is a complaint or appeal. The appeal must be backed by the team
manager and/or coach and presented in the presence of either or both.
The appointed IPO Contest Officials will consider all such complaints. If
deemed necessary, the appointed IPO Contest Officials may temporarily
suspend the progress of the completion to consider the situation fully.
After due consideration the complainant will be informed of any decision and
any appropriate measures that may be taken. The verdict of the appointed IPO
Contest Officials will be considered final and there will be no right or
appeal to any other body.
5. Errors in
If the bar is loaded to a heavier weight than originally requested and the
attempt is successful, the lifter will be granted the attempt at the weight
lifted. The weight will be subsequently reduced if required for other lifters.
If the attempt is not successful, the lifter will be granted a further attempt
at the originally requested weight.
If the weight is not the same on each side of the bar and the lift is
successful rules for overloaded and under loaded bars, as above apply.
However, if the attempt is credited to the lifter, and the weight of the bar
lifted is not a multiple of 2.5kg (I.e., a 1.25kg plate was on one side only)
the weight will be recorded at the lower multiple of 2.5kg. If the lift was
unsuccessful the lifter will be granted a further attempt at the weight
If any change occurs with the bar and discs during the execution of the lift
and the lift is successful, provided no weight fell off the bar, the attempt
will be accepted. If the attempt is unsuccessful, or weights fell off, the
lifter will be granted a further attempt at the same weight.
Should the platform or equipment become disarranged during an attempt and
the attempt is successful, the attempt will be accepted. If the attempt is
unsuccessful the lifter may be granted a further attempt at the same weight,
at the discretion of the referees on duty.
If the speaker makes a mistake by announcing a weight heavier or lighter
than that requested by the lifter, the referees will make the same decisions
as for loading errors.
All attempts that are repeated for the above reasons will be at the end of
the round in which the error occurred.
If a lifter misses an attempt because the speaker failed to announce the
lifter’s name at the appropriate time or weight, the weight will then be
reduced to allow the attempt within the round. Should this discovery disrupt
the anticipation of any preparing lifters, such lifters may be granted extra
time in which to prepare again, this shall be at the discretion of the referee
Three unsuccessful attempts in any lift will automatically eliminate the
lifter from the competition. Lifters will not be permitted to re-enter the
meet as a guest lifter or to attempt a record lift. Only at local or regional
contests will this be left to the meet director’s judgment.
- If the bar is loaded to a lighter weight than originally requested and the
attempt is successful, the lifter may accept the successful attempt at the
weight lifted, or elect to take the attempt again at the originally
requested weight. If the attempt is not successful, the lifter will be
granted a further attempt at the originally requested weight.
At any IPO World Championship World records will be accepted provided that:
The World / Continental record applicant must be a current member of the IPO
At World / Continental records, at least two current International or other
IPO affiliate referees must adjudicate the lift and vouch that all conditions
at the competition meet the technical standards and procedures required. The
third referee must be at least a current National referee of a World
Federation affiliated to the IPO.
The barbell and discs were weighed before the competition, all actual
weights accurately recorded and able to be verified by the referees or
appointed IPO Contest Officials or weighed immediately after the successful
attempt by the referees.
The lifter weighed in correctly before the competition.
The scales were certified accurate by a recognized authority within the last
6 months, and a scale test slip prepared by the Municipal Sealer of Weights
and Measures (or equivalent) or by an authorized scale company, is available.
The lifter’s costume and personal equipment was in accordance with the
rules. Any lifter successful in a world record attempt must be inspected.
Inspection may be solely visual when the legality of the lifters costume and
personal equipment is obvious, or otherwise more thorough. Thorough
inspections should be performed off the platform, preferably in a private
area, either by the three referees, or officials delegated by the referees in
cases where the lifter if of the opposite sex. In all cases the head referee
shall make an announcement to the speaker and records processor that the
record has been verified.
Duplicate copies of fully completed World / Continental record applications,
signed by the three referees, must be sent separately to the World / Continental
Records Register and Head of the World sanctioning Technical Committee (as
indicated on the Record Application Form) within one calendar month of the date
of the record being set. A copy of the official score sheet must also accompany
both record applications. For Teenage, Junior (under 23) and Master World /
Continental records, proof of age must be satisfactorily established and
attested to by the adjudicating World referees. If such proof was not available
when the record was established, it is the lifter’s responsibility to furnish
such proof (copy of birth certificate, passport, drivers license) independently
to both the World / Continental Records Registrar and Head of the IPO Technical Committee, before the record can be
If, in any National or International competition recognized by the IPO, a
lifter is successful with an attempt that falls within 20kg of a current World
/ Continental record, the lifter may request a fourth attempt that exceeds the
record. To be granted a fourth attempt the lifter must have been
successful with his/her third attempt. Such an attempt will be
registered outside the competition and not included in the total. Additional
attempts will not be permitted.
Only lifters actually competing in a competition may attempt World /
In no circumstances may lifters not taking part in the full competition be
permitted to attempt world records on individual lifts.
In the event of two lifters, at the same competition, breaking either a
current individual or total record with the same weight, the lighter lifter
will be declared the new record holder. If both lifters weighed in at the same
body weight they will be re-weighed. If they reweigh the same, both will be
New individual lift records are only valid if they exceed the previous
record by at least 500 grams. Fractions less than 500 grams must be ignored;
e.g. 87.7kg would be registered as 87.5kg.
Records are only valid for the body weight category of the lifter as
determined at the official weigh-in.
There is an official World record for the total of three lifts. It will be
recognized subject to the following additional stipulations:
- The competition must be conducted under IPO, or other IPO International
affiliate rules or a national variation or the rules accepted by the
IPO or other IPO International affiliate.
The total record will only be the summation of the face value of the
individual best lifts, and therefore must be a multiple of 2.5kg.
No fourth attempts may be included in the total. Records set on individual
lifts will only be valid if the lifter makes a total in the competition.
Records set in competitions, which contest one lift only, shall not be
considered as IPO or other IPO Records but shall be noted and established as
Official One Lift Records only e.g. a World / Continental Bench Press Record
for the World / Continental Bench Press Committee, and a World / Continental
Dead Lift Record for the World / Continental Dead Lift Committee.
A powerlifting record, although higher, will not replace a single lift record.
If a lifter attempting a fourth attempt world record is one of the last four
lifters of the flight in the third attempts, they will received up to 3
additional minutes rest prior to their fourth attempt. The very last lifter of
the flight requesting a fourth attempt will have 3 minutes because they are
following themselves, plus the additional 3 minutes.